Конспект уроку по темі «Охорона довкілля» Тема уроку: «День Землі» Мета уроку: Практична: розвивати навички аудіювання, говоріння, читання, письма



Дата конвертації28.03.2016
Розмір59.4 Kb.
Конспект уроку по темі

«Охорона довкілля»


Тема уроку: «День Землі»
Мета уроку:

Практична: - розвивати навички аудіювання, говоріння, читання, письма;

- навчати учнів активно використовувати лексику по темі «Довкілля»;

- автоматизувати використання модального дієслова “should”.

Загальноосвітня: - розширювати знання учнів про небезпеку забруднення

навколишнього середовища та про наслідки від забруднення;

- ознайомити учнів з основними шляхами вирішення проблем охорони

довкілля.



Розвиваюча: - розвивати вміння приймати участь у дискусії, робити висновки;

- навчати учнів виконувати спільний проект, працювати в групі.



Виховна: - навчати учнів бачити дивовижний світ і красу природи;

- переконувати учнів піклуватися про природу навколо, активно

допомагати у вирішенні екологічних проблем.

Обладнання уроку: підручник “English 6” (ав. О. Д. Карп’юк), малюнки до теми,

завдання з аудіювання, комп’ютер, презентації Power Points “What a

Wonderful World”, “The History of the Earth Day”, текст для читання “I

can save the environment”, аркуш формату А1 для створення

постера, магнітофон, аудіододаток до підручника.

Компетенції.

Комунікативна.

Лінгвістична:


  • лексична;

  • граматична;

  • фонетична.

Мовленнєва:

  • аудіювання;

  • монологічне мовлення;

  • читання;

  • письмо.

Соціокультурна:

Загальнонавчальна:

  • уважно стежити за презентованою інформацією;

  • усвідомлювати мету поставленого завдання;

  • ефективно співпрацювати під час групової роботи;

  • активно застосовувати мову, що вивчається.


План уроку.




Етап уроку

Час

1

Організація класу.

2 хв.

2

Мовленнєва зарядка.

Пісня “What a wonderful world”.

Перегляд відео.


3 хв.

3

Мотивація.

«Мозковий штурм».



3 хв.

4

Аудіювання з візуальною опорою.

«Історія походження Дня Землі».

Презентація Power Point.


5 хв.

5

Інтерактивна вправа.

Дискусія «Песимісти проти оптимістів».



15 хв.

6

Рефлексія.

1) Читання. Текст «Я можу врятувати довкілля».

2) Створення постера «Я обіцяю…»


15 хв.

7

Підсумок уроку.

2 хв.

Procedure.

I. introduction.

Teacher: Good morning. Are you ready to our lesson? Do you like the nature today? Do you like green trees, bright flowers and the merry sun in spring?

Pupils: Yes, of course, we do.
II. warming up.

Teacher: There are a lot of songs and poems about the beautiful world. One song is extremely popular in the whole world. This song is “What a wonderful world” by Louis Armstrong. There is a site on the Internet where people from different countries put their videos to this song. I tried and made my own one and now you will not only sing, but also see this great song. Let’s sing all together.
I see trees of green, red roses too
I see them bloom for me and you
And I think to myself what a wonderful world.

I see skies of blue and clouds of white


The bright blessed day, the dark sacred night
And I think to myself what a wonderful world.

The colors of the rainbow so pretty in the sky


Are also on the faces of people going by
I see friends shaking hands saying how do you do
They're really saying I love you.

I hear babies cry, I watch them grow

They'll learn much more than I'll never know
And I think to myself what a wonderful world.
Yes, I think to myself what a wonderful world.
III. Brainstorming.

Teacher: Let’s find the answer to the question “What is the Earth?” Everyone should give his/her own answers to this question. Let’s brainstorm the word “the Earth”. (Two pupils go to the blackboard and write all their classmates’ suggestions. One pupil writes “positive” words on the right and the other one writes “negative” words on the left side of the picture of the Earth on the blackboard.)

birds air pollution

rivers water pollution

seas
land pollution


rain rubbish

oceans extinction

mountains disappearing

forests species

lakes nuclear tests

plants nuclear

animals weapons

birds to litter

fish to pollute

water dangerous

air harmful

people beautiful bad health

life wonderful to kill

the sun interesting to cut down


Teacher: What is the Earth like?

Pupils: The Earth is beautiful, it is wonderful and interesting.

Teacher: What is there on the Earth?

Pupils: There are many rivers, lakes, seas, four oceans, a lot of mountains, forests etc.

Teacher: Who lives on the Earth?

Pupils: People live on the Earth. Millions of birds, animals, fish live on the Earth. Plants grow on the Earth.

Teacher: What are the problems of our planet?

Pupils: They are pollution of land, water, air, rubbish, extinction, disappearing animals and plants, nuclear weapons and nuclear tests etc.

Teacher: Our planet is our home and we should take care of it and keep it clean. There is a special day when people think more about the environment and what they can do to help nature – this is the Earth Day which is on the 22nd of April.
iv. listening.

Teacher: Listen to the text about the history of the Earth Day. While listening you can see slides on the computer. They will help you to understand the text better.

THE HISTORY OF THE EARTH DAY.

Senator Gaylord Nelson was the person who started fighting for the protection of the environment. He understood that our world was getting dirty and that many of our plants and animals were dying.

He couldn’t understand why many people did not try to solve these problems. He talked to the lawmakers and to the President. They decided that the President had to go around the country and tell people about these problems. Then, in 1969, Senator Nelson had another idea. He decided to have a special day to teach everyone about the things that needed changing in our environment.



He wrote letters to all his colleagues and put a special article in one of the magazines to tell them about the special day he had planned. On April 22, 1970, the first Earth Day was held. People all over the country made promises to help the environment. Everyone in the world knows that there are problems we need to work on and this is our special day to look at the planet and see what needs changing. Isn’t it great? One person had an idea and kept working until everyone began working together to solve it.





After-listening tasks:

1. Match the words and word-combinations from two columns.

1) Gaylord Nelson

a) colleagues

2) the President

b) the first

3) 1969

c) April 22

4) articles

d) a senator

5) letters

e) promises

6) 1970

f) a trip around the country

7) Earth Day

g) environment

8) people of the country

h) a new idea

9) together

i) solve the problems

10) protection of

j) magazines

Key: 1d, 2f, 3h, 4j, 5a, 6b, 7c, 8e, 9i, 10g.
2. Make up sentences from the word-combinations you have formed.

Pupil 1: Gaylord Nelson was a senator.

Pupil 2: The President made a trip around the country.

Pupil 3: In 1969 Gaylord Nelson had a new idea.

Pupil 4: He put special articles in magazines to tell people about his plans.

Pupil 5: Gaylord Nelson wrote letters to all his colleagues.

Pupil 6: In 1970 the first Earth Day was held.

Pupil 7: The Earth Day is on April 22.

Pupil 8: People of the country make promises to help the environment.

Pupil 9: Together people can solve the problems.

Pupil 10: Gaylord Nelson started fighting for the protection of environment.
V. Discussion. “Pessimists versus optimists”.

Teacher: Now let’s discuss environmental problems. Please, split into two groups. The first group will be pessimists. You have to speak about different environmental problems. The second group will be optimists. You have to think about green solutions to the problems presented by pessimists.
Pessimists: Problem: One of the most serious environmental problems is air pollution. One third of atmosphere pollution comes from cars and other transport. Factories send gases and chemicals into the air. It has become very difficult to breathe in large cities. The harmful and dangerous gases mix together and are carried away by the wind. Then, they fall back to earth when it rains. Such rain is called “acid rain”. It kills fish and trees. It slowly destroys houses, historical buildings and monuments. People also cut down trees that produce oxygen that is very important for people to live.

Optimists: Green solution: Industrial countries should control their levels of pollution. This is already happening in some countries of Europe. Factories should use air filters to keep the air clean.

We should also make many green parks where people can relax and breathe in clean air. We should plant many trees because they produce oxygen. People should use more public transport and ride bikes instead of driving their own cars.


Pessimists: Problem: Water pollution is a serious problem, too. Very often people throw waste and rubbish into the rivers. The water becomes dirty and the fish die. It became dangerous to swim in many rivers and lakes. Factories also pollute rivers and seas with harmful waste. The Pacific Ocean has suffered from nuclear pollution because many nuclear tests were made there. The Black Sea and the Sea of Azov suffer from industrial pollution, too. Scientists say that the Azov Sea is dying.

People need much water every day to drink, to wash and for other needs. Good drinkable water is a problem almost in all big cities and the reserve of it is becoming less.



Optimists: Green solution: People should reduce pollution of water. Most factories now use closed cycle water systems. Each factory cleans and reuses the same water instead of taking more water from the river or lake. We should not throw rubbish into the rivers and clean them where it is possible. People should also be economical and turn off the water in the bathrooms when not using it.
Pessimists: Problem: People pollute land with rubbish, dust, pesticides and other harmful substances. Many parts of the world are overcrowded; people live in big cities and produce a lot of waste. Great rubbish dumps are near every city, town or village. In Ukraine these dumps are extremely large and cover great territories. Waste from factories and power plants is especially dangerous. It poisons the land and water. Healthy food can’t be produced on the polluted soil. Often farmers use chemicals that also destroy the environment and make harm to earth.

Optimists: Green solution: In many countries people sort out waste and then it is recycled in special factories. That’s why they do not need very large rubbish dumps. People should also learn to be economical and to reuse old things. We can write on both sides of a paper sheet, we can give our clothes to people who need them instead of throwing away, we should not buy things that we do not really need. Sometimes we throw away things because they are not in fashion any more and that is absolutely incorrect from an ecological point of view.
Pessimists: Problem: People cut down many trees every year. Before 1900, rainforests covered 14 % of the world’s surface. Today they cover 7 %. The reason for this is simple. They have been cut down to provide land, paper, wood, medicines, and other natural resources. But these are not only trees which are disappearing. In every rainforest there are millions of animals, insects and flowers. These are destroyed too. Trees are important because they produce oxygen. People need oxygen to breathe. If man continues to cut down rainforests, more than one million species of plants and animals will become extinct by the year 2030.

Optimists: Green solution: People in the rainforest countries must work together and plan their way of tropical forests protection. They should reduce cutting down trees, control the industries destroying the rainforests. It is necessary to plant young trees on the places that were covered with woods before. People should also make nature parks to save rare and endangered species.
Pessimists: Problem: By the year 2030 25 percent of all animals, fish and insects may be extinct. Why is this happening? Well, there are three main reasons. The first is hunting. Man hunts and kills millions of animals every year. The second reason is the environment itself. It is becoming smaller. Every year man cuts down more trees, builds more roads, and uses more land for farming. This leaves fewer jungles, fields and forests for wildlife. And the last reason is pollution.

Optimists: Green solution: People should stop cutting down trees in the woods because animals have no place to live in and food to eat. We should also stop killing them for fur, skin or just for fun. It is possible to make special laws that will protect rare and endangered animals. Very rare animals can be kept in zoos. In nature parks plants can safely grow and animals can live in their natural environment.
vi. reflection.

1) reading.



Teacher: Let’s see what you can do by yourselves to save the Earth. You’ve got cards with gaps; the words are below the text. Put them in the correct places. Work in your groups. Now everyone read one sentence in turn.
I CAN SAVE THE ENVIRONMENT.

You can do a lot to _____ the environment. Please, remember to _______ the TV when you are not watching it. Don’t forget to _______ the light when you leave the room. Don’t leave the refrigerator door _______. Draw and colour on _______ sides of paper. Don’t leave the water ______ when you brush your teeth. ______ plants, because plants are the lungs of our ________ . Do not ______ the streets and yards. _______ birds in winter.


grow, open, planet, both, save, turn off, running, switch off, litter, feed

2) Making a poster. “I promise…”



a)Teacher: On April 22 people make promises to help the environment. Make up your own promises and write them down on these strips of paper. Work all together and make sure that your promises are different from your classmates’ ones.

Possible promises:

1. I promise to save electricity, to save water and heat.

2. I promise to save paper.

3. I promise to write and draw on both sides of paper.

4. I promise to ride bikes and use mass transport.

5. I promise not to litter our streets, rivers and forests.

6. I promise to clean up after picnics and playing outdoors.

7. I promise to plant trees, flowers.

8. I promise not to cut down trees and bushes.

9. I promise to eat less meat to stop killing of the animals.

10. I promise to reuse things.

11. I promise to feed birds and animals in winter.

12. I promise not to pick forest flowers.

13. I promise not to pollute our river.

14. I promise not to leave a fire in the forest.

b) Teacher: Now you see a poster on the blackboard. Glue your promises around the picture of a man. You also had to prepare some pictures of nature: beautiful countryside scenes and ugly polluted places. Glue the first kind of them on the right and the second kind – on the left.

vii. summing up.



Teacher: What new things did you learn today?

Pupils: We learnt about the history of the Earth Day. We learnt more about the problems of the environment. We learnt how we can help the environment. We made promises to keep the environment clean.

Teacher: You know that the future depends on you. You have to live in this world. I hope you will be defenders of our nature. Let’s sing a song and remember that the Earth is our home not only on the 22 of April.
THE FUTURE IS IN OUR HANDS.

We want to see blue seas,

We want to see green trees,

We are defenders of our land.

We want to breathe clean air,

We want to show we care,

We know the future is in our hands.

We want to see birds fly,

Up into a clear sky,

We are defenders of our lands,

We want to see flowers grow,

To pollution we say “No!”

We know the future is in our hands.
Teacher: Your home task is to write an essay about environmental problems in our village and to find green solutions to these problems.
ЗОШ І-ІІІ ступенів

с. Висипівців



вчитель: Рій Люба Іванівна


База даних захищена авторським правом ©refs.in.ua 2016
звернутися до адміністрації

    Головна сторінка